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Research Events

Research Seminar Series - Notes from a Nation Builder

The Edwards School of Business hosts a monthly research seminar series on a variety of business research topics. Browse below for upcoming and past events for more information:

Schedule

Date

Presenters

Title

May 6, 2022

Barb Phillips, Regan Schmidt, Dionne Pohler, and Vince Bruni-Bossio

A Letter to the Editor: How to Avoid Desk Rejection, Win Reviewing Awards, and Become an Editor Yourself

Meet the Editor Panel Discussion

April 22, 2022

Dana Carriere

Balancing Indigenous and Western worldviews and approaches to achieve economic prosperity

Drawing on her Master of Arts research, “Lac La Ronge Indian Band: Pursuing pimâcihowin (making a living) to achieve mitho-pimâtisiwin (the good life),” Dana discusses the importance of Cree culture and worldview in contemporary Indigenous business and economic development in Northern Saskatchewan. This study explored community members’ perceptions of Cree culture and northern ways of life and uncovered that Cree worldview and principles continue to influence individual and community goals, decisions, and actions when pursuing economic prosperity and self-sufficiency. Dana incorporates her research into the classroom and expands on it by exploring Cree worldview and principles which inform an Indigenous approach to business and economic development for many Indigenous communities. This Indigenous approach is often balanced with Western approaches to business and economic development, which brings together diverse perspectives and values to find a common path for Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples, communities, and organizations to achieve economic prosperity and advance economic reconciliation.

March 18, 2022

Shan Wang

Understanding the Following Behavior of Sellers in Social Marketplaces: A Structural Holes Perspective

Sellers in social marketplaces actively engage in following behaviors in online communities to build social capital and gain information and opportunity. However, extant research has repeatedly reported a negative effect of following on seller performance, raising questions about sellers’ ideal following strategy. Intrigued by this question, this research draws on the theory of structural holes to examine sellers’ following and its value implications. An empirical study of 1,023 Etsy sellers and their followees indicates that the structural holes in sellers’ followee networks have a significant, positive effect on their sales performance. Such effects are stronger for sellers with more product diversification, more prominent followees, and lower followee status heterophily.

January 21, 2022

Dionne Pohler

The Relationship Between Government Policies and Organizational Outcomes During COVID-19

We undertake a data-driven exploration of the impact COVID-19 had on organizations by analyzing closed and open-ended survey responses collected from a large representative panel of Canadian business owners, senior leaders, and managers at four different time points during the pandemic. We document the primary concerns expressed by different organizational leaders, how their organizations were impacted, and how their organizations responded and adapted to the crisis. Some organizations struggled to survive, while others were relatively unaffected or even thrived. Many organizational leaders identified ineffective government management of the crisis as a primary concern, though businesses that were unaffected or thrived viewed government actions more favourably. We rely on institutional knowledge of government restrictions and supports, as well as several different data analytic methods, to develop an inductive theoretical model of the relationship between government policies and organizational outcomes and responses to COVID-19. Theoretical implications for organizational research on extreme crisis contexts as well as practical implications for governments and organizations to consider in managing future crises are discussed.

December 10, 2021

Scott Walsworth

Determinants of Research Productivity During the Pandemic: Empirical Evidence from Canada and Australia

A survey conducted in 14 universities across Canada and Australia administered during the spring and summer of 2020 canvased faculty about the transition to work from home. While productivity decreased across the 2,500 researchers surveyed, important differences exist. The halls of academia abound with anecdotal accounts suggesting that compared to their male counterparts, female academics assumed a disproportionate degree of domestic responsibility as the pandemic caused schools, daycares, and eldercare facilities to shut down. Indeed, the results point to a steeper reduction in productivity for women; however, the greatest reduction is associated with primary caregivers, regardless of gender, although women are much more likely to play this role. Interestingly, the age or the number of dependents are not important determinants of research productivity. The results suggest that the inherent flexibility enjoyed by academics is potentially a spurious benefit for academics with significant domestic duties, which may be especially problematic for women working from home. The implications for understanding ‘covid narratives’ in tenure and promotion case files are considered.

November 19, 2021

Han-Up Park

Nudging Towards Better Earnings Forecasts

Even professionals making judgments under uncertainty resort to heuristics, such as herding, to help in their decision making (Kahneman 2011). Nudges—simple, costless, yet powerful tools—have been deployed within the public and private sectors to gently steer people away from or towards certain decisions (Thaler and Sunstein 2008; Halpern 2015). We test the effects of a simple nudge designed to reduce herding behavior among forecasters of earnings by highlighting a social norm where greater forecasting effort is encouraged, and examine its implications for forecast quality and financial markets. We find that nudging leads to less pessimistically biased and more accurate individual earnings forecasts. Additionally, we find that nudging results in a forecast consensus that is more accurate, less biased, and more representative of the market’s true earnings expectations. However, we also find that although nudging reduces herding behavior, it also reduces forecaster participation. Forecasters with a greater tendency to herd before being nudged issue fewer forecast revisions, cover less firms, and are more likely to stop forecasting altogether after being nudged. Our findings suggest that nudging does not bring out the “best” nor the “worse” in forecasters, but simply helps them act on their true intentions—those who initially care about the forecasting task become less likely to herd, and those who are initially indifferent about forecasting are more likely to abandon forecasting altogether in the near future.

October 15, 2021

Barbara Phillips

Sag, Drag, and Bag: How Older Women Want to be Portrayed in Advertisements

Previous research has demonstrated that older women carry a stigmatized identity in society and are severely underrepresented in advertisements in all types of media around the world. Brands have been admonished to increase the presence of older women in their ads. However, it is unclear if older women wish to see models representing their chronological age or their cognitive age, and both positive and negative stereotypes of older women can cause reactance against a brand. This study uses an interpretative phenomenology analysis (IPA) approach to answer the question: how do older women want to be portrayed in advertisements? Interviews with twenty women aged 50 or older suggest that women prefer to see models close to their actual age in ads. In addition, common stereotypes in representation were reframed
using participants’ preferences: from ageless beauty to age-appropriate and attractive, and from traditional granny to woman of purpose. Implications for theory and practice will be discussed.

Schedule

January 15, 2021

Date

Presenters

Title

May 14, 2021

Maureen Bourassa and Laurel Steinfield

The Social Impact of Stakeholder Engagements: A Community-Centric Perspective

Our presentation illuminates the various effects that companies’ stakeholder engagements efforts, and resulting perceptions of (in)justices, can have on communities. Drawing on in-depth interviews with stakeholders engaged in nuclear sector developments and applying a social impact lens, we ask: Why do differences in perceived (in)justices from a firm’s stakeholder engagement occur among community members? What are the impacts of these divergent views on the social fabric of relations, both between the company and community and within the community? We extend current theorizing on stakeholder engagements and businesses’ social impact by delving into the heterogeneity within communities. Our presentation reveals four different ways community members experience stakeholder engagement. By exploring these engagement experiences and their consequences, we provide insights into the dynamics of respect, trust, and conflict, and we raise awareness of how businesses can consider their social impacts on intra-community relations.

March, 12, 2021 Fan Yang and Craig Wilson

Blockchain Technology and International Countertrade

Countertrade refers to a form of reciprocal international trade in which goods and services from one country are directly exchanged for goods and services from another, without the need to exchange currency. Countertrade is an alternative trade mechanism when a country faces such trade barriers as high exchange rate risk, lack of foreign currency reserves, and distorted domestic capital markets. Many less-developed economies suffer some, or all, of these barriers. However, countertrade incurs its own risks to participants, primarily in the form of credit risk, which deters it from being widely used by countries that would otherwise benefit from countertrade. We propose that a consortium blockchain could be used to mitigate credit risks and help less-developed economies take advantage of countertrade to exchange goods among themselves and with developed economies. The significance of the consortium blockchain lies in its ability to mitigate credit risk while providing transparent trade records, reducing transaction costs, and integrated trade financing.

Collaborators: Drs. Fan Yang, and Craig Wilson, University of Saskatchewan and Hai Yu Xi’an Jiaotong University
February 12, 2021 Joseph Schmidt

How Applicant Circumstances and Job Ad Messaging Influence Impression Management in Online Applications

Many online assessment tools used for personnel selection rely on self-reports. However, because personnel selection is typically a competitive process, researchers and practitioners often express concern that self-report assessments may be vulnerable to “faking” or impression management (IM) behavior. Score discrepancies that result from IM have been shown to substantially affect both selection decision making and undermine the validity of hiring assessments. Unfortunately, research conducted with real job applicants is extremely rare, and thus our understanding of applicant IM is mostly untested outside of contrived ‘lab’ settings. In this presentation, I will discuss preliminary results from sample of 5,764 self-report application responses provided by 2,410 real-world applicants who applied to multiple jobs. The results show how applicant circumstances and characteristics of the application process – including length of the job search, prior application success, type of question, and job ad messaging – influence applicant IM behavior.
Suresh Kalagnanam and Glen Kobussen

Allocation as a Management Control Tool: The Case of Canada’s Equalization Program

Using a management control lens this paper describes and assesses resource allocation systems, using the Government of Canada’s Equalization program as the primary vehicle for our analysis. This study was conducted using a mixed methods approach. Data was collected and analyzed in two distinct stages. The first stage utilized semi-structured interviews which was combined with an extensive document analysis, both of which were rooted entirely in grounded theory. The second stage employed features borrowed from auditing profession’s concept of analytic procedures which was merged with the use of “data analytics” to investigate a number of equalization related questions using over 500,000 data points that spanned approximately 19 years. The first part of our analysis, based on qualitative date, revealed four high-level categories, pertaining to the Equalization program: objectives, formula, impact on decision making and the notion of controls. With respect to the impact on decision making, our analysis suggests that equalization influences policy and budgeting in that provincial-level decision makers certainly do not ignore it. The common themes and related sub-categories provided a common or consistent language and set of terms, that we used to inform and shape both the analytical procedures and the data analytics, and their subsequent analysis. An important learning from the quantitative analysis was that examining a complex allocation system via the lens of management control allows the researcher (analyst) to experiment with the formula, in an attempt to uncover anomalies and identify behavioural implications such as potential opportunities for managing the allocation base.
December 11, 2020 Devan Mescall Why do you conduct Research in a Business School?
This research presentation addresses the research question: “Why do you Conduct Research in a Business School?” This is the question I received most often from friends and family when I left public practice and chose to pursue my PhD in accounting. The answer is not obvious as the intangible benefits of research are often at odds with the observable quantity of hours and resources invested. I address this compelling research question by compiling extensive prior literature into an intuitive model of a modern business school. The predictions of the model has implications for our Canadian business schools and the preparedness of the Canadian economy to meet challenges going forward.
November 13, 2020 Erica Carleton & Megan Walsh Gender & Leadership
One ongoing issue that contributes to the underrepresentation of women in leadership roles is stereotype threat. Stereotype threat is the concern of confirming or being reduced to a negative stereotype about one’s group and has been shown to reduce women’s leadership aspirations. In our presentation we will discuss two studies that we have conducted to examine the relationships between experiences of stereotype threat, well-being, and women’s motivation to lead.